University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology
Native NameBuzi (補子)
Object Number: 52-23-77A
Current Location: Collections storage
Provenience: China
Period: Qing Dynasty
Date Made: Early 20th Century
Early Date: 1900
Late Date: 1925
Five Bats
Eight Buddhist Symbols
Three Halberds
Music Stone
Credit Line:Purchased from J. S. Letcher, 1952


Third rank military officer's leopard squares. ( The animal soaring through the clouds recalls the flying birds on contemporary late Qing civil squares). Leopard couched in gold, with couched outlines of twisted blue silk; sun in stem satin stitch; clouds and symbols in plain satin stitch. Border of alternating gold bats and oblong shou characters in silver, couched between thin lines of gold. Same general pattern as 52-23-39 except that the latter, being a woman's square, has all the symbols in reverse. They were not necessarily embroidered by the same artisan, but probably made in the same workship; certainley from the same pattern (reversed).


[Article] Cammann, Schuyler. 1953. Chinese Mandarin Squares: Brief Catalogue of the Lechter Collection. The University Museum Bulletin. 17 (3): pp. 2-73. : Page/Fig./Plate: No. 3, p. 70View Objects cited in this Publication

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