University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology
Object Number: 50-13-1A
Current Location: Collections storage
Provenience: China
Period: Ming Dynasty (uncertain)
Qing Dynasty (uncertain)
Date Made: 16th Century - 18th Century
Early Date: 1500
Late Date: 1799
Materials:Hornbill Skull
Technique:High Relief
Iconography:Jiang Ziya
Human Figures
Historic Incident
Credit Line:Purchased from H. Yatsuhashi, 1950


Hornbill skull with 'Forehead' area carved in high relief. Scene with four men in Chinese robes standing in foreground in a mountainous landscape. One of them holds a large fan. Above them a seated man fishes from a high ledge. Buildings in background. Scene represents a historical event when the first king of the Zhou Dynasty discovers, in the guise of a humble fisherman, the brilliant statesman who was to help him win and keep his throne. Sides and top of skull are red, rest of skull including carved area is natural color. Single Chinese character written in black ink on bottom interior of skull.


[Article] Cammann, Schuyler. 1950. The Story of Hornbill Ivory. The University Museum Bulletin. 15 (4): pp. 19-47. : Page/Fig./Plate: p. 20View Objects cited in this Publication

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