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Navigational Chart

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Native NameMattang
Object Number:67-11-1
Current Location: Living with the Sea
Currently On Display
Provenience: Ebon
Marshall Islands
Date Made: Before 1958
Early Date: 1953
Late Date: 1958
Section:Oceanian
Materials:Wood
Shell
Length: 92 cm
Width: 89 cm
Credit Line:Purchased from William Davenport, 1967

Description

For generations, sailors in the Marshall Islands have observed patterns of ocean swells after they are deflected around islands in the group as navigational guides for confirming the location of islands that are out of sight over the horizon. For teaching aids to use when instructing apprentice navigators they have devised two kinds of wooden “stick charts.” One type (meddo) includes representations not only of ocean swells but also the islands of the Marshalls chain. The Museum has a fine old chart of this type, collected by Robert Louis Stevenson in 1890 (P3297). The other type (mattang) is a schematic, generalized representation of ocean swells as they are affected by encounters with islands. This chart, created by a Marshallese navigator in 1958, is a mattang, in which refracted swell patterns are represented by four pairs of opposed curved sticks.

Current & Past Exhibitions:

Year of Data - Living with the Sea: Charting the Pacific (28 Aug 2020) View Objects in Exhibition

Bibliography:

[Article] Davenport, William H. 1964. "Marshall Islands Cartography". Expedition: The Magazine of the University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology. Philadelphia. The University Museum. Vol. 6. no. 4. pg. 10-13 Actual Citation : Page/Fig./Plate: pp. 11-13; photo p. 12View Objects related to this Actual Citation

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