University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology

Penn Museum Celebrates Rome’s Birthday
Saturday April 22, 11:00 am to 4:00 pm

Gladiator Bouts and Legionnaire Demonstrations, Pop-Up History Presentations, and Italian Gelato Combine for a Sweet Celebration

Rome's Birthday images of attendees

PHILADELPHIA, PA, Spring 2017—Felix natalis dies! Roughly translated, that is "happy birthday" in Latin—a great phrase to use at the royal celebration of Rome's Birthday Saturday, April 22, 11:00 am to 4:00 pm, at the Penn Museum in Philadelphia. Guests will be treated to thrilling gladiator fights and interactive tactical demonstrations of Roman militia, tours in the Worlds Intertwined: Etruscans, Greeks and Romans suite of galleries, Roman paper mosaic-making craft tables, talks and minute "pop-up" presentations on ancient Roman history and life in the galleries—and a chance to discover authentic Italian gelato, the perfect birthday treat!

Rome's Birthday images of attendees

Ciao Philadelphia, a region-wide celebration of Italian culture organized by the Italian Consulate in Philadelphia, and Capogiro Gelato Artisans, a locally based, internationally acclaimed company, are partners for the celebration.

It's all FREE with Museum admission donation ($15 general admission; $12 for seniors [65+]; $10 for full-time students [with ID] and children [6-17]; free for Museum members, children under 6, active U.S. military and PennCard holders). Attendees are encouraged to get in the spirit of the day; those daring enough to wear a toga, legionnaire, or gladiator attire receive half-off the price of admission!

A Great City is Born

As legend has it, Rome was founded April 21, 753 BCE on the banks of the Tiber River by Romulus and Remus, twin brothers abandoned after birth and raised by a she-wolf. When a fierce argument erupted between them, Romulus killed Remus and gave his own name to the tiny settlement that would grow into a great empire.

Gladiatorial Bouts

Gladiators from Ludus Magnus Gladiatores (The Great School of the Gladiator) vie to "win the crowd" with battles at 11:30 am and again at 3:00 pm. Sword-wielding fights take place in the Museum's outdoor courtyard (indoors in event of rain) with reenactors hailing from Philadelphia, New York, New Jersey, and as far as Maine. Visitors can see a roster of gladiators, dressed in a range of armor with weapons that match their fighting styles. In between risking life and limb, Ludus Magnus Gladiatores demonstrates fighting techniques and tells the history of pitting and pairing gladiators in combat.

Roman legion soldier reenactors are a powerful presence at the event as well, serving as arena guards and fight presenters. Guests of all ages can learn more about Rome’s powerful militia, discovering what it would take to enlist, and trying on some reproduction helmets and other gear, at an ongoing presentation offered by Penn Museum docent Joe Balmos.

New Discoveries about the Ancient Roman Empire

Guests interested in learning more about contemporary research on the ancient past can attend a short lecture. At 2:00 pm, Penn Museum's Dr. C. Brian Rose, Curator-in-Charge of the Mediterranean Section and Past President of the Archaeological Institute of America, takes armchair archaeologists on a whirlwind tour with "New Discoveries in Ancient Rome," a lecture co-sponsored by the America-Italy Society of Philadelphia.

Graduate students in the University of Pennsylvania's Art and Archaeology in the Mediterranean World and Classics departments get in the act with 60-second "pop-up" presentations about Rome—guests can look for them to "pop up" in the Worlds Intertwined: Etruscans, Greeks, and Romans galleries throughout the day.

The Conestoga High School, Berwyn Latin Club, part of the Pennsylvania Junior Classic League, joins in the day, offering a wide-ranging, ongoing drop-in presentation. Guests can learn about names in ancient Rome, ancient Roman architecture, Latin—a language the group says is alive and well—and ancient graffiti. The purpose of the Junior Classics League “is to encourage an interest and an appreciation of the language, literature and culture of ancient Greece and Rome.”

At 11:00 am and again at 1:00 pm, the artistry of Roman mosaics is explored at a hands-on workshop for all ages. Guests work in groups to help create one giant mosaic comprised of over 4,000 tesserae! In addition, everyone can make a smaller paper mosaic at a day-long mosaic craft station.

A Sweet Celebration

At 12:30 pm guests are invited to meet Stephanie Reitano, co-founder and Chef of Capogiro Gelato Artisans, a locally owned company that operates out of a dairy and has five retail locations. Stephanie has developed proprietary and protected recipes that allow for over 350 gelato and sorbet flavors to be produced on-site at each retail location. Her gelato has received widespread media acclaim, including in the National Geographic Traveler, which called it “The creamiest gelato you'll taste this side of Capri.”

Stephanie offers a short talk about authentic Italian gelato, before providing samples of classic Italian flavors that, she explains, “must be in any respected gelateria in Rome”: Pistacchio, Bacio, Amarena, and Zabaglione. Following her talk, samples are available while supplies last!

For Italian food enthusiasts, the Museum's Pepper Mill Café joins in the celebration with Italian-inspired luncheon options for purchase.

Exploring the Ancient Mediterranean World

Penn Museum's suite of galleries, Worlds Intertwined: Etruscans, Greeks, and Romans, features more than 1,400 ancient artifacts, including marble and bronze sculptures, jewelry, metalwork, mosaics, glass vessels, gold and silver coins, and pottery of exceptional artistic and historical renowned, all drawn from the Museum's Mediterranean collections, dating from 3000 BCE to the 5th century CE. A large-scale interactive of the region map helps visitors visualize how these ancient civilizations overlapped and co-existed thousands of years ago.

Rome's Birthday is the final program in the Penn Museum's World Culture Days 2016–2017 fall-through-spring lineup. The popular series is designed to introduce visitors of all ages to the rich cultural traditions found throughout the Museum's galleries and, indeed, throughout the world.

About Ciao Philadelphia

Greater Philadelphia boasts one of the largest, and most accomplished, Italian-American communities in the United States. The birthplace of the United States of America, Philadelphia is a city deeply connected to Italian values and the Italian way of life, exemplified by the rich universities, museums, art centers and neighborhoods and contributions of Italian heritage. Ciao Philadelphia began with a month of celebration in 2014, organized by the Italian Consul in Philadelphia via a partnership with area civic, academic, cultural and business leaders. 2017 marks the fourth edition of Ciao Philadelphia, growing from a month-long celebration to a yearly celebration, with a continued special focus in October.

Schedule for the Day

11:00 am - 4:00 pm
All Day Activities
Legionnaires Station: Get Ready to Enlist!
Family Craft Station: Make a Roman Paper Mosaic
Latin Club Presents: Drop-In Presentation on Language, Architecture, and Graffiti

Timed Activities
11:00 am Help Assemble a Mosaic
11:30 am Ludus Magnus Gladiators Reenacting Group
12:30 pm Authentic Gelato Presentation by Capogiro Gelato Artisans
1:00 pm Help Assemble a Mosaic
1:30 pm Rome Gallery Tour
2:00 pm Brian Rose Talk, “New Discoveries in Ancient Rome”
3:00 pm Gladiator Reenactment

The Penn Museum (the University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology) is dedicated to the study and understanding of human history and diversity. Founded in 1887, the Museum has sent more than 300 archaeological and anthropological expeditions to all the inhabited continents of the world. With an active exhibition schedule and educational programming for children and adults, the Museum offers the public an opportunity to share in the ongoing discovery of humankind's collective heritage.

The Penn Museum is located at 3260 South Street, Philadelphia, PA 19104 (on Penn's campus, across from Franklin Field). Public transportation to the Museum is available via SEPTA's Regional Rail Line at University City Station; the Market-Frankford Subway Line at 34th Street Station; trolley routes 11, 13, 34, and 36; and bus routes 21, 30, 40, and 42. Museum hours are Tuesday through Sunday, 10:00 am to 5:00 pm, and first Wednesdays of each month until 8:00 pm, with P.M. @ PENN MUSEUM evening programs offered. Closed Mondays and holidays. Admission donation is $15 for adults; $13 for senior citizens (65 and above); free for U.S. Military; $10 for children and full-time students with ID; free to Members, PennCard holders, and children 5 and younger.

Hot and cold meals and light refreshments are offered to visitors with or without Museum admission in The Pepper Mill Café; the Museum Shop offer a wide selection of gifts, books, games, clothing and jewelry. Penn Museum can be found on the web at For general information call 215.898.4000. For group tour information call 215.746.8183.

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