Saronic Harbors Archaeological Research Project (SHARP) focuses on Kalamianos, a Mycenaean harbor town of the 13th century BCE, unique for the extensive surface preservation of architectural foundations and walls. Kalamianos may have been Mycenae’s main Saronic harbor, and is perhaps the Eionai listed in the Homeric Catalogue of Ships.
SHARP investigates a recently discovered urban Mycenaean harbor site and its larger setting within the Saronic Gulf region. The foundations and walls of more than 50 buildings, some of them monumental, are preserved on the modern surface over 8 hectares. Architectural and artifactual studies allow us to securely date the construction and use of the harbor to the 13th century BCE, the peak of the Mycenaean palatial period. Finds from Kalamianos and other sites demonstrate that Kalamianos anchored a significant center of Mycenaean activity, and there is reason to believe that Kalamianos was Mycenae’s main harbor on the Saronic Gulf.